What is Tubal Ligation: PTLS Demystified

tubal ligation syndrome

Tubal ligation is a surgical method for sterilisation wherein the fallopian tubes of a woman are blocked or sealed.This actually prevents eggs in getting through the uterus for implantation. Tubal ligation is also called as tubectomy, which means having one’s tubes tied. It is said to be a long-lasting method of birth control and sterilisation.


The intention of tubal ligation is to retain the sperms and avoid it from inseminating the egg that is out from the ovary. However, many women who have gone through this haven’t got any other side effects of tubal ligation.

Only 37% of women may have faced post tubal ligation syndrome.

Few studies show that there are few women at a higher risk of post tubal ligation syndrome, especially those who have undergone tubal ligation when compared to women who have not undergone tubal ligation. Let us learn few facts about who is at a higher risk of this syndrome.

tubal ligation syndrome

There are two methods of tubal ligation – one is the cauterization process and another one is the tubes tied through rings or clips.Thus, women who get their fallopian tubes tied through cauterization process will be at a higher risk of post tubal ligation syndrome than those who get the tubes tied with rings or clips.

Another kind of tubal ligation is known as bi-polar cauterization or coagulation and women who undergo this process are also at a higher risk of PTLS.

Studies show that that tubal ligation done by women in the age group of 20s will be at a higher risk when compared to those in the age group of 30s – 40s.It has also been observed that women in the 20’s will have uneven menstrual cycles,which are not likely in the women who have undergone in 30s or 40s.

The cause for developing post tubal ligation syndrome in women is when the fallopian tubes get tied.There is decline in the progesterone and estrogen stages in the body and this will lead to changes in the flow of blood to the ovaries throughout the process.

Though there were claims in the 1950s that the surgery could lead to post tubal ligation syndrome, later when laparoscopy was introduced in 1970, this reduced as it was not so invasive. Now that you might have got your answer to your question – what is PTLS it’s time to also read about reverse tubal ligation